Breeding dogs is the process of the mating of different species of dogs. There is usually a person-in-charge who breeds the dogs. This person should know about canine genetics, health, and some reason to do so. Usually, people breed dogs for the sole purpose of selling them. When dogs breed, it happens that their offspring or the puppy is healthier than both the parents. They do not have the faulty characteristics and the genetic diseases of the parents. But, when dogs mate without the influence of a human, they tend to have natural features of their own, but the term dog breeding refers explicitly to the involvement of humans at some point. Here is what you may find in most dog breeding books.
Terminology In Books
Dam: The female parent in the process of mating is the dam.
Sire: The male parent in the mating process is a sire.
Whelping: Giving birth to a puppy is Whelping (Newborn puppy is called a Whelp).
Breeder: The human responsible for breeding is a breeder.
Linebreeding: Linebreeding is when two related dogs mate except for the parents and their offsprings.
Outcrossing: When two unrelated dogs breed together to achieve genetic diversity.
Issues Related To Breeding Dogs
As breeding is a good practice in some cases, it turns out that it is worse in some cases. The wrong image of the breeding dogs is only due to irresponsible breeders and their corrupt practices. Some breeders are good, and some are not, but some of the breeders push the limits that cause extensive health damage to dogs. You can find several books related to how you could work on the breeding process.
Although some dog lovers practice dog breeding because they love dogs, and they care about them. But the business of breeding dogs grew so much that it became an industry, and several people practice dog breeding to get profit. Generally, the customers require healthy and robust dogs and the breeders try to avoid the genetic diseases of the dog to get a higher sale, although it is suitable for a business, sometimes the breeders cross the limit, and that leads to the health damages to the dog. Some states require a license that sees you as a capable breeder, as there are some requirements to be a competent breeder, the person needs to be aware of canine genetics, health issues and the ancient breeds of the dogs.
Dog breeders generally have a terrible image. Even the whole industry has a terrible image. The animal activists criticize the industry. It is due to some irresponsible breeders. What they fail to see is if appropriately practiced, breeding dogs have given so much healthier species. Even though the bad breeders, the majority still consists of good breeders and by the person who genuinely loves and cares about dogs. It is their love and the care which have introduced us to so many species of the dogs that are even more beautiful and stronger than the previous two breeds.